$ = more colonization. Keeps $ within treasury
Reasons For early European Expansion: new land, more $, extended
Prince Henry The Navigator: Helped with new navigation tools.
Portuguese soldiers to go around the Cape Horn. = more trade
St. Augustine: Spanish outpost in Fl. Oglethorpe tries to attack
Bio. And Cultural Exchange: English bring disease, Indian pop.
diminished. Europeans introduce new crops and domestic livestock.
taught Europeans new farming techniques, and showed them new
bring new religion.
Impact of Spanish settlement: Cortez comes over, kills many
fear it's the end of the world.
Development of Early Slave Trade in Africa: West Africans began
slaves to traders. Sugar Cane widely produced = more slaves
Kingdoms captured people from other kingdoms and sold them.
Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther/John Calvin: Martin Luther
Protestant church on the idea that salvation could be gained
of the church. Luther is excommunicated. Calvin brings the idea
predestination. (Some people were elected to be saved).
English Reformation: King Henry VIII mad because Pope doesn't
grant him a
divorce. So he breaks ties w/the Catholic Church and becomes
the head of
Christian faith in his country. Mary becomes queen next, persecutes
Protestants (Bloody Mary). Then half-sister Elizabeth become
severs nations connection with Catholic Church.
Puritans/Pilrims/Seperatists: Puritans want to purify the church:
forms of worship, reduce power of bishops, reform local clergy.
were Puritans who took radical positions on this. They were
worship as they pleased in their independent congregations.
Pilgrims go to
U.S. for freedom
Irish Experience: English considered the Irish wild beasts.
It was a
common belief that their culture must be subordinated. The way
treated led to the practices that were used later w/the Natives;
must retain a culture separate from the native population.
French in early Settlement of North America: F. pop. Slow to
grow, but has a
big impact. Developed close direct ties with Native Americans.
Jesuits influence Natives in religion. French fur traders and
(coureurs de bois) set up an extensive trade system. Intermarriage.