for gold. Much death and disease. Would've failed w/out
John Smith, but he took leadership and organized raids on Indian
for food. Headright system used to attract settlers. Not
Tobacco first grown here.
House of Burgesses: Formed in 1619. Delegates from various communities
First meeting of an elected legislature, a representative assembly.
Maryland: Founded by Leonard and Lord Baltimore. Acknowledged
the crown with
an annual fee. Much religious tolerance because of the Protestant
and Catholic minority. But disputes because of this ratio. It
was meant to
be a religious retreat for English Catholics. Baltimore given
over this land. Headright system used, friendly w/Indians.
Bacons Rebellion: Bacon =on gov. council. From backcountry.
plagued w/Indian attacks. Bacon is mad because the gov. is not
these attacks. Bacon is also mad at Berkley (gov. of VA) because
excludes Bacon from his government council, and does not let
Bacon have a
piece of the fur trade. Then:
-Indians attack backcountry killing 1 white servant
-Whites strike back, attacking a very powerful Indian tribe
-More raids back and forth
-Bacon defies Berkley and struck out on their own. Bacon declared
-Bacon marches to Jamestown, burns city, and runs Berkley out.
taken over but dies from dysentery.
Plymouth/Mayflower Compact: members of a European church are
blown of course
and land in Plymouth. They realize they have no right to be
there so the 41
saints sign a doc. Creating a civil gov. and proclaiming their
Massachusetts Bay Colony: Originally a merchant venture for
reasons. Then Puritans want to escape religious persecution
and make a
religious haven. "City upon a hill" Indians friendly
and town grows.
Roger Williams/Thomas Hooker/Anne Hutchison: all challenge the
church. Williams said the church should abandon all allegiance
to the Church
of England. He called for separation of church and state. He
takes followers, and establishes Rhode Island. Hutchison
claimed that the
leaders of the church were not elect and did not deserve to
church. Banished, moves to R.I. Hooker defies church by taking
congregation into the wild to establish Hartford.
English Civil War: Charles I dissolves Parliament and rules
monarch. Parliament is mad and rebels. Cavaliers support king,
support Parliament. Parliament wins and beheads Charles. Oliver
roundhead, replaces him. After Cromwell's death Charles II comes
exile and continues to rule.
Three Colonial Regions:
Carolinas: funded by Anthony Ashley Cooper. Headright system.
South very different.
Charles II gives Duke of York land in U.S., but Dutch already
laid claim to
this land. England fights, takes land from Dutch and names it
New York. Much
Sir John Berkley and Sir George Carteret given N. Jersey. Royal
Georgia: buffer zone Impoverished sent there. Founded by a group
trustees led by James Oglethorpe.
Navigation Acts: Designed to regulate colony trade. 1. Closed
trade except that carried in English ships, sad certain things
tobacco) could be sold only to England. 2. All items must be
Imposed duties on costal trade and appointed officials to enforce
Acts beneficial to both U.S. and England
Dominion of New England: James II (successor of Charles II)
combined gov. of
Mass with gov. of the rest of the New England colonies including
N. York and
Jersey. Eliminated assemblies and appointed a single gov, Sir
to rule. But Andros is stern, tactless, and unpop.
Glorious Revolution: English people are scared of having a Catholic
(James II's son, who was being raised a Catholic) so William
and Mary or
Orange invited to rule. They come marching over, James is scared
and W + M rule. U.S. hears this, becomes brave, overthrows Andros.