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Chapter 3

Chesapeake vs. New England:
Ches: many men, little women. High mortality rate. Sexual behavior more
flexible. Many indentured servants= many premarital relations. Many
children. Women could chose who to marry because of un= ratio.

New E.: ration more balanced. Lower mortality rate. Less independent women
(because there were fewer widows) fathers choose whom daughters marry.
Puritan church very important, as well as the mother. Beginnings of
republican mothers.

Indentured Servants: many came freely, but other times criminals were
shipped to U.S. to become indentured servants. Being an Indentured servant
was an attractive way of coming to U.S.

Slavery in North America/Middle Passage: Slavery becomes more brutal. Slaves
packed in tight quarters; many are sick and die on the middle passage to get
to U.S. Slavery increases greatly.

Puritan Community: covenants made, binding all residents together in a
religious and social commitment to unity and harmony. Town meetings held.
Tight knit society.

Witchcraft: mostly women accused. Young girls made the accusations that
witches were torturing them. A reflection of the social strains of the
community. Spread throughout many n. England towns.

Great Awakening: Big religious revival movement. Preachers traveled the
country telling their sermons. Large crowds gathered.

The Enlightenment: great education movement. Human reason and scientific
inquiry stressed, as well as observation and experimentation.

Early Education: some families taught children to read and write. Dame
schools conducted by widows. all white men could read, even women had a
higher literacy rate in U.S. than England. Colleges formed.

Colonial Mindset re: law, science: both encouraged. Ex: cotton mather
created inoculation against smallpox. As political system develops, lawyers
come about. Ex: Alexander Hamilton is a prominent lawyer who wins case for
John Peter Zenger, saying a statement is libelous only if untrue.