Chesapeake vs. New England:
Ches: many men, little women. High mortality rate. Sexual
flexible. Many indentured servants= many premarital relations.
children. Women could chose who to marry because of un= ratio.
New E.: ration more balanced. Lower mortality rate. Less independent
(because there were fewer widows) fathers choose whom daughters
Puritan church very important, as well as the mother. Beginnings
Indentured Servants: many came freely, but other times criminals
shipped to U.S. to become indentured servants. Being an Indentured
was an attractive way of coming to U.S.
Slavery in North America/Middle Passage: Slavery becomes more
packed in tight quarters; many are sick and die on the middle
passage to get
to U.S. Slavery increases greatly.
Puritan Community: covenants made, binding all residents together
religious and social commitment to unity and harmony. Town
Tight knit society.
Witchcraft: mostly women accused. Young girls made the accusations
witches were torturing them. A reflection of the social strains
community. Spread throughout many n. England towns.
Great Awakening: Big religious revival movement. Preachers
country telling their sermons. Large crowds gathered.
The Enlightenment: great education movement. Human reason
inquiry stressed, as well as observation and experimentation.
Early Education: some families taught children to read and
schools conducted by widows. ½ all white men could read, even
women had a
higher literacy rate in U.S. than England. Colleges formed.
Colonial Mindset re: law, science: both encouraged. Ex: cotton
created inoculation against smallpox. As political system
come about. Ex: Alexander Hamilton is a prominent lawyer who
wins case for
John Peter Zenger, saying a statement is libelous only if