Salutary Neglect: The
English belief that leaving the colonies alone was a
good thing; that they would develop like devoted British colonies.
Albany Plan: proposed by Ben Franklin. Said U.S. would make
gov while the colonies would still have their colonial gov.
main gov. would
receive more power. No one approves it.
French-Indian War: Ohio Valley= spot of tension. English and
French want it.
French make fortresses in Ohio Valley. England builds Fort Necessity
F. Attack fort. Beginning of war. France loosed war and surrenders.
Post-War Issues for British:
-Salutary neglect during war
-$ Depleted in war
-Empire is too big, no adequate gov. system
-George III takes crown and uneasy control over parliament
-George Grenville becomes prime minister= very unsympathetic
to US, tries to
begin controlling US
Proclamation of 1763: forbids settlers to advance beyond line
the Appalachian Mts. basically ignored.
Stamp Act: England imposes tax on printed items. US mad because
seen as a way to raise revenue for the British gov.
Sons of Liberty: terrorized stamp agents, and burned stamps
Townshend Duties: taxes on various goods imported to the colonies
England. US sees taxes as a way to raise revenue only. US boycotts
Mass and Boston as colonial leaders: Mass took lead in opposing
duties by circulating a letter to all colonial gov. saying "don't
it is ignored until England says assemblies that follow Mass's
lead will be
dissolved. Then all gov. joined mass as a defiance. Boston started
Boston Massacre: British soldiers shoot into a crowd accidentally,
people killed. US sensationalize this.
Actual vs. Virtual Rep: US wants actual people in England to
have a say on
colony's behalf. England says that they are basically doing
they have the best interest of the US.
Boston Tea Party: Tax on tea. Ship w/tea pulls into Boston harbor.
dressed as Mohawks sneak onboard and throw tea overboard, costing
Intolerable/Coercive Acts: Response to tea party. Boston port
self-gov. of colony's power reduced, and royal officers could
be tried in
other colonies or in England. Also said troops could be quartered
or unoccupied houses. People are very mad.
First Continental Congress: Met Sept. 1774 is Carpenters Hall
Philadelphia. Made 5 resolutions:
1. Rejected a plan for colonial union under England (much like
2. Statement of grievances issued
3. Approved a series of resolutions, including one that said
the US should
prepare in case of a war with England
4. Agreed to nonimportation, notexportation and nonconsumption
5. Agreed to meet again
Lexington and Concord: British troops want to raid Lexington
and Concord but
Paul Revere and William Dawes ride all night, sounding the warning.
ready. "Shot heard round the world" fired here, starting
the war. No one
knows who shot first.